For example, in the five years up to , around half of HIV notifications among Indigenous Australians were attributed to homosexual sex between men, compared to almost three-quarters of notifications among non-Indigenous Australians. AIDS 24 12 , —8. So far, so good: The campaign received community endorsement in metropolitan and regional South Australian Aboriginal communities. Delegates to the conference come from a range of professional backgrounds including basic science, clinical medicine, community programs, education, epidemiology, indigenous health, international and regional issues, nursing and allied health, policy, primary care, public health and prevention, and social research. Thanks also to the men who participated in the Gay Community Periodic Surveys, and the state and territory health departments who funded the surveys. However, delivery of effective HIV programs to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, many of whom don't access dedicated HIV clinics, requires a completely different approach, say experts. The resurgence of infection in young Aboriginal people in remote communities after years of declining rates, brings with it cases of congenital syphilis and emphasises the need for enhanced health promotion testing and treatment in this population. Secondly, the Gay Community Periodic Surveys are brief surveys for the routine surveillance of sexual and drug use practices associated with HIV transmission. They also named the types of resources that they would like to access. Further targeted health promotion encouraging access to sexual health services would clearly result in an overall increase in testing rates and reduction in risk.