Since slave trade was so booming for the French, the number of slaves in France grew and grew primarily Africans. From to , city after city withdrew this tolerance and forced the closing of their brothels. Also specified in the TVPA was a mandate to collect funds for the treatment of sex trafficking victims that provided them with shelter, food, education, and financial grants. It set in place the framework for immigration control that in the following years was tightened, particularly in relation to alien prostitutes. Over time, it also imported African female slaves. If the slave wanted to, it could find a way back home. The difference is that the negative impacts of illegally owning a slave and human trafficking is that for the slave, the owner must pay the consequences, and in trafficking, the consequence is much grander: The only differences between then and now is that then slaves were generally Africans, and now anyone can be trafficked—especially women and children as they are usually sold as sexual objects. This was enabled by the international agreements and domestic legislation that was introduced at the same time. Her husband, Gavril Dulghieru, who pleaded guilty to all the above charges, was sent to jail for nine years on October One thing should be made very clear to the girl who comes up to the city, and that is that the ordinary ice cream parlor is very likely to be a spider's web for her entanglement. Slaves then and victims now were treated similarly as well: The federal government's response to the moral panic was the Mann Act. Like many trafficking victims, the computer graduate was lured to Britain by promises of a respectable, well-paid job in a hotel or restaurant but ended up in a brothel "I believed they would kill my family," she told the court. However, when a Frenchman wanted to purchase a slave and bring it back to France with him, he had to register the slave as his with the government. PLILEY This piece uses historical terms such as white slavery and prostitution rather than modern-day terms of trafficking and sex work as these terms were part of legal language ss. The Chinese Tanka females were sold from Guangzhou to work as prostitutes for the overseas Chinese male community in the United States.