The defendant unlawfully touched or applied force to the victim Mens Rea: Would you allow or deny these books in prison? WRAL News filed a public records request to get a list of the rejected publications, authors and reasons why they were denied. Assault is an attempted battery or the act of intentionally placing a person in apprehension of a harmful or offensive contact with his or her person. The prosecutor must prove all three elements beyond a reasonable doubt: Under the US Model Penal Code and in some jurisdictions, there is battery when the actor acts recklessly without specific intent of causing an offensive contact. Although battery typically occurs in the context of physical altercations, it may also occur under other circumstances, such as in medical cases where a doctor performs a non-consented medical procedure. Whether it is a statutory offence[ edit ] In DPP v. Last year, publishers filed 10 appeals, three of which were granted, according to prison records. Instead, the Code has an offense of assault, and assault causing bodily harm. There's this mindset that anybody that's in prison is a lost cause, but that's not going to help anything at all. Aggravated battery charges may occur when a battery causes serious bodily injury or permanent disfigurement. Generally[ edit ] Specific rules regarding battery vary among different jurisdictions, but some elements remain constant across jurisdictions. Russia[ edit ] There is an offence which could be loosely described as battery in Russia. In December, Publication Review Committee Chairwoman Fay Lassiter sent a letter to the Human Kindness Foundation in Durham to say that its Christmas newsletter had been banned because it included a letter from an inmate who supported violence against another inmate. They need opportunities to educate themselves, to develop skills, to maybe even get college credit, which a number of them do. The size of a book can be a problem, too, according to Department of Public Safety spokesman Keith Acree.